Solar panels are very fragile in structure and need to manage and transport very carefully. In this post, we will know how to transport solar panels without damage as well as ensure the longevity of panels.
Although it’s impossible to transport solar panels with full protection as previous statistics show that there are at least 5% of damage occurs due to transportation. Yet we will discuss some mandatory precautions and safety measures for the safe delivery of solar panels.
Why do I care to Transport solar panels?
This is the first question that comes to your mind that why do I need to know how to transport solar panels without damage. Because they are generally shipped and installed by the company itself but following are the cases when you need to protect solar panels:
- When you are shifting your house from one location to another then you need to transport solar panel
- When solar panels are shipped from another country
- Sometimes, you required to do maintenance or fix some micro-cracks
- When you are upgrading your panels or installing the new one
If you have purchased solar panels and decided to install yourself then must read this DIY Guide and Basics of Solar System Installation.
Transportation options of Solar Panels
Before we jump on how to transport solar panels without damage, we must know various transport options to protect solar panels. Solar panels are produced with great efforts, that’s why utmost care is mandatory.
Solar panels are stacked in horizontal or vertical cases/boxes and each module is protected by separators and finally packed in large cartons. Each carton and box is then wrapped with plastic film.
There is no universal or internationally accepted standard packaging, loading, transport, unloading, and protecting solar panels.
It is probably because the packaging and size vary as per the client’s requirements. Moreover, every industry wants to cut the cost of packaging as there is less chance to save in manufacturing.
Also Read: Are Triangle Solar Panels Worth it?
How to Transport Solar panels without damage
Panels can be transported with various methods including trucks, railroads, or by air. If you adopt to transport solar panels through trucks then panels should be safely stored like they should not be stacked with one another also any heavy material should not be loaded over the panels.
Generally, if solar panels are purchased from outside the country or from a distant location then air service is recommended to save time. Air mode is safest to transport solar panels, however, proper contact with an air carrier is a must, and carefully deliver the panels with a hard outer package.
Whether you transport solar panels via truck, railroad, or air, you required a taxi or a personal van to deliver and protect solar panels safely. While transporting solar panels via van or taxi, never use the roof (top) of the van to carry solar panels because it could damage the solar panels due to high vibrations.
The material of the panel cartons must be hard and properly covered with protective material, especially in the rainy season.
There are high chances of microcracks in solar panels bodies when they are closely stacked horizontally. That’s why a plastic separator or soft material must be used in between. Although, vertical stacking is much better than horizontal to avoid cracks.
If you are purchasing solar panels from other countries then ask the installing company to send a backup of panels also. As there are possibilities of minor or micro-cracks and the replacement of panels makes you wait for a long time.
Additionally, you can ask the company or delivering agents to take and share a picture of solar panel modules before shipping so that you can verify the pictures and file a complaint against the cracked piece.
Solar panels are very fragile to handle, so never try to handle them forcefully or at least to be carried by 2 personnel.
Consequences of damage of solar panels
As far, we learned how solar panels transported and how to transport solar panels without damage. Let’s understand what are the consequences if you don’t protect solar panels.
The most common damage occurs in solar panels is micro-cracks that are sometimes invisible with naked eyes. Micro-cracks affects efficiency as well as longevity of the solar panels.
Remember, micro-cracks can be reduce during various means of transport but impossible to get rid of completely.
Also, cracks can hold the moisture during sunlight absorption which make panels weak.
How to find micro-cracks and protect solar panels
We are discussing the micro-cracks because these are the most common type of damage in solar panels even though they are high quality. Electro-Luminescence Crack Detection (ELCD) method is the most applied method in solar panel industries to find the cracks.
ELCD is most effective way to find out hidden cracks that are impossible to find other means of testing like infrared imaging, flash test, etc.
This is all about how to transport solar panels without damage and how to protect solar panels. We discussed types of transportation means, types of packaging, and means of damage in solar panels.
Although, if you are going to use and install solar panels first time then you barely have to worry as all set by company itself. Yet utmost care should be take while handling and managing panels. They can be easily cracked if collide with other objects even with each other during transportation.
It is highly recommended to properly check the panels before purchasing and shipping. There may be previous cracks on the panels at the time of manufacturing and other operations.
As we know panels are expensive to buy and install, so no one can afford cracked piece! We hope you liked this article, any related queries and suggestions are welcome.